NAME: Yellow Perch
OTHER NAMES: lake perch, american perch
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Perca flavescens
DISTINCT IDENTIFICATION MARKS: The yellow perch has 2 dorsel fins on its back. The first one contains between 13-15 sharp spines. The colour of this perch though can change colours from black to green to brown, having the colours extend down the side of the fish in bars.
As stated by the species page on the Government of Nova Scotia website, occasionally you will find a yellow perch that is grey-blue and red, with the absence of bars on the side.
SIZE: Their size depends on a number of factors. They tend to breed and populate a lake much faster than trout which can lead to a stunting of their growth, reaching only around 15cm ( 6 inches). In Nova Scotia they rarely get above 450grams (1lb). Other lakes though that are warmer, a yellow perch can reach up to 1.9kg (4.2lb)
MALE OR FEMALE: The easiest way to detect the gender of the yellow perch is that the female is much larger then the slender, smaller male.
WATER PREFERENCE: Usually the Yellow Perch prefers water that is around 21 to 24 degrees Celsius. They are found in a wide variety of water bodies, including lakes and streams. They do like bodies of water that are weedy with rocky or sandy bottoms.
PLACE OF ORIGIN: Originally a fish from mainland Nova Scotia, and along parts of the Atlantic you will now find it throughout the Midwest and even now in Southern British Columbia. Amazingly enough though Yellow Perch aren’t very common in Cape Breton Island and the provinces of P.E.I and NFLD.
INITIAL ARRIVAL TO NOVA SCOTIA: Check note above.
WORLD RECORD: The largest yellow perch on record was caught in New Jersey in 1865. It weighed
BEST TIME TO FISH FOR: In the Morning and evening as this is the time they feed.
BEST LURES/BAIT TO USE: Remember that often Yellow Perch travel in schools, so if you catch one get your hook back into the water as soon as possible to hook another. Small spoons and lures are great to use for catching Perch.
TASTE: They are considered a bony fish, but a lot of people enjoy the taste of a Yellow Perch. A warning though is to ensure to cook the fish properly. Occasionally they are infected with a broad tapeworm that can affect humans if not cooked properly.
SEASON FOR FISHING: You can fish for Yellow Perch all year long. But their depth changes from shallow to deep depending on where the majority of the food is.