NAME: White Perch
OTHER NAMES: One other name for a white perch is a silver bass. The white perch isn’t actually of the perch family, but of the bass family. It is to be noted that the White Perch is not to be confused with the White Crappie (Pomoxis Annularis)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morone Americana
DISTINCT IDENTIFICATION MARKS: The white perch starts with a dark colours such as dark brown, black, silvery grey, or a green shade and lightens up as you move down the side of the fish.
There are two dorsal fins on the back of the fish. The first one contains 9 spines, so be gentle picking it up, you may slightly cut yourself. The anal fin contains 3 spines, and the pelvic fin sits forward, underneath the pectoral fin.
The mouth of the fish contains a number of small teeth, so be gentle with it unless you want your finger chewed on.
SIZE: The size of a white perch can reach up to 48.3cm (19inches) and weigh 2.72kg (6lb)
MALE OR FEMALE: It is not always easy to tell if the fish you have caught is male or female unless you cut them open at the right time. Most will tell you though that the male tends to be darker and the colours more sharp than the female.
WATER PREFERENCE: It can live in either fresh or salt water, and prefers water temperature that is around 24 degrees Celsius.
PLACE OF ORIGIN: The white perch is found mainly along the east coast and in the Great Lakes
INITIAL ARRIVAL TO NOVA SCOTIA: Check note above.
WORLD RECORD: On record the biggest white perch caught by an angler was in 1949 in Messalonskee lake in Maine. It weighed 2.15kg (4-7lb)
BEST TIME TO FISH FOR: You can fish these perch any time of the day.
BEST LURES/BAIT TO USE: Other than the basic night crawler you can use anything to catch this fish from the appropriate size lure, spinner and spoon.
TASTE: When cooked, the meat of the white perch is white and flaky.
SEASON FOR FISHING: You can fish white perch any time of the year. They tend to be found in more shallow water, but occasionally go deeper along the bottom in the winter time.