NAME: Rainbow Trout
Other Name(s): steel-head, Kamloops Trout, Silver Trout
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Oncorhynchus mykiss
DISTINCT IDENTIFICATION MARKS: Colours of a rainbow trout can vary from a greenish yellow colour, to brown to a metallic blue with a silver coloured/light side and belly. They are often also covered in black dots, appearing as rows on the tail. In fact the rows of spots on the tail is a great way to not confuse the rainbow trout with a brown trout or Atlantic Salmon.
SIZE: Rainbow trout can grow up to be around 25.8 kg (57 pounds). In Nova Scotia though they usually grow to around 2.7kgs (6 pounds).
MALE OR FEMALE: Younger rainbow trout it is hard to tell the difference. As they get older though the female tends to have a smaller, more round head; while the male may have signs of a kype, and a larger head.
WATER PREFERENCE: Trout like cooler water, usually around 12 to 18 degrees Celsius.
PLACE OF ORIGIN: Fresh waters of Western North America, and the pacific.
INITIAL ARRIVAL TO NOVA SCOTIA: Late 1800’s
WORLD RECORD: 19.1 kg (42 pounds), in Alaska in 1970. In fact the river Kenai in Alaska is well know for it’s large rainbow trout.
BEST TIME TO FISH FOR: Any time of the day is fine, but many prefer early morning or late afternoon/evening when the water is the coolest.
BEST LURES/BAIT TO USE: Other than the traditional night crawler, many people have different ideas of what is great for catching rainbow trout. Some like Valvetta cheese rolled into a ball on a hook. Others use Powerbait dough balls, or small spinners.
TASTE: The meat is mild, soft, tender and flaky. A lot of people enjoy the taste of rainbow trout, and with the right recipe can taste even better.
SEASON FOR FISHING TROUT: Like all trout the preferred time to fish for Rainbow Trout is in the spring when the water is cooler. As the summer approached the trout move to deeper, cooler water. Many like to fish for trout in the fall as well, when the water starts to cool again, and all winter long.