NAME: Smallmouth Bass
OTHER NAMES: black bass, brown bass
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Micropterus dolomieui
DISTINCT IDENTIFICATION MARKS: The smallmouth bass has a back that ranges from brown to a green colour and lightens up as you go down its side to its belly. You’ll notice as well when you catch one that it has a series of dark vertical bars on the side of the fish, starting from behind the eyes. There could be as many as 8-15 of these.
SIZE: The average size for a small mouth is 1.1kg (2.5lb), but can reach up to 4kg (9lb).
MALE OR FEMALE: Smallmouth bass aren’t easily distinguished by the sexes. Usually though the male bass has darker and more vibrant colours than the female.
WATER PREFERENCE: Smallmouth bass enjoy warmer water. The government of Nova Scotia’s fish species page states that they have been seen sunning in pools with a temperature of 26.7 degrees Celsius.
PLACE OF ORIGIN: They started in the eastern, to central North America, (Mississippi and Great Lakes) but was introduced to Nova Scotia, and can now be found from Yarmouth County, to central Nova Scotia. You can also now find them as far west as Manitoba, and they have been introduced to places such as Asia, Africa and parts of Europe.
INITIAL ARRIVAL TO NOVA SCOTIA: 1942
WORLD RECORD: In 1955 a smallmouth was caught that was 68.6cm (27inches) long, weighed 5.4kg (11.9lb) in Kentucky, USA
BEST TIME TO FISH FOR: People fish this species any time of the day or night.
BEST LURES/BAIT TO USE: The small mouth was will eat almost anything. If fishing a lake that have these fine creatures in it as well as chain pickerel you can use the same bait. One great tactic for small mouth bass is to use a soft worm or grub (preferably white) hooked to a jig head hook. Bounce it off rocks, logs or the bottom of the lake to startle the bass and cause it to attack your lure. Feel free to try lures, spoons, spinners etc, to see what works best for you. Crank baits can be a great success when used effectively.
TASTE: The taste for a smallmouth comes down to personal preference. Many won’t eat them, where many love them. It comes down how you prepare them.
SEASON FOR FISHING: Check your local zones for any restrictions during spawning season.